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Cleft Sentence

A sentence which emphasizes something by placing it with the verb sein and a relative clause (see Engel 1998:298f.) either at the beginning of the sentence (called a Spaltsatz in German), or at the end (called a Sperrsatz in German). Thus

Philip fand die Kette.

can be realized as (Bußmann 1990:693f.):

Es war Philip, der die Kette fand. (=Spaltsatz)
Was Philip fand, (das) war die Kette. (= Sperrsatz)

Other examples: